Posts tagged COPD treatment
CPAP Saves Lives of Patients with OSA and COPD
New research is showing that continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) could help people who suffer from both obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD). Both types of patients exhibited benefits of CPAP therapy by expressing relieved symptoms, with decreased risk of death retrospectively.
In reviewing a study that was conducted over a three-year period, and included over 200 patients, it showed OSA and COPD sufferers who used CPAP every night have less than 8 percent risk of dying compared to those who don’t use the treatment. Those who used CPAP occasionally or seldomly still had a slightly higher survival rate than those who never used CPAP therapy. In this case, some use is better than no use at all. Even the researchers were surprised at the fact that any time logged using the treatment at night had a positive result.
The main cause of COPD, both chronic bronchitis and emphysema, in people is cigarette smoking. COPD cause an obstruction of airflow and restricts breathing. In the United States, chronic respiratory diseases, particularly COPD, is the third highest cause of death. In addition, OSA is relatively common. It affects as much as 7 percent of males and 5 percent of women. Obstructive sleep apnea consists of periods of time during sleep when all or part of the upper air path is blocked, even though the body continues to try to breathe.
CPAP is proving to be the best treatment option for those that suffer from OSA. It gives an ongoing flow of air through the airway by means of a mask. This airflow keeps that channel open that would otherwise be blocked. COPD sufferers, along with medications, receive benefits of CPAP therapy as much-needed oxygen is delivered throughout the body and keeps constricted airways open.
Even if CPAP users only gain a slight advantage in survival rate, it’s still worth it if it means more years to a life.
When we only rely on our taste buds to tell us what to eat, we generally stay away from bitter foods. However, researchers have performed a study that demonstrates that bitter foods could potentially save a person’s life. When a person tastes something bitter, it causes a reaction that is just the opposite of when cells in your airway constrict. This process is called bronchodilation. This new knowledge can hopefully be used to create more effective means to fight conditions like asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease (COPD).
While bronchodilators are traditionally used to treat these conditions, researchers are excited because they hope this discovery will lead to a whole new class of drugs for treating chronic disorders. When we eat, we experience five different senses thanks to the cells in our tongue. Something can either be sweet, savory, salty, sour or bitter. We strive to keep away from bitter, since it usually alerts us to something being spoiled and unfit for eating. These receptors, however, are not limited to an oral reaction. Researchers now realize that respiratory cells are affected when something bitter is tasted.
During an asthma attack, a person’s airways become narrower. This is what causes difficulty breathing. Bitter tastes relax the cells in the airways, and they do it faster than many of the available medications that are used to treat asthma. This means that they have the potential to halt an attack, and researchers are looking to create new drugs for stopping asthma attacks quickly and efficiently.
How does the process work? When a person suffers an asthma attack, membranes in the airway open and accept calcium which causes the constriction. Bitter substances reverse this process, allowing airways to open and breathing to become easier. Now that the process is better understood, it will be easier for researchers to develop therapies using bronchodilation.