A new study recently published in the International Journal of Pediatric Otorhinolaryngology recommends that parents look into whether or not their children are displaying systems consistent with Obstructive Sleep Apnea (OSA). Those symptoms may be the cause of behavioral problems in children. Even if your child has a high IQ, you may still want to examine how well he or she is sleeping.

Research into Behavioral Problems in Children

In the initial study, the researchers examined 147 children, ages 3 to 12, who were scheduled for adenotonsillectomy, a procedure that removes both the tonsils and the adenoids. This procedure is common for those who suffer from OSA, as the condition tends to enlarge the tonsils and adenoids. This stops children from breathing, often several times during the night.

A previous study found that after receiving an adenotonsillectomy, behavioral problems in children—who were struggling in school or at home—decreased. The difference between this study and others is the fact that it focused on children who were doing well from the start.

Regardless of whether or not the children were from low- or high-IQ groups, researchers saw that the children improved at a similar level when their sleep and behavior were evaluated six months after the adenotonsillectomy procedure.

What Behavioral Problems Should You Look into?

The data from these studies is great news for parents with struggling children. They can nail down whether or not their child may have OSA.

Hyperactivity is a prevalent symptom. According to Seockhoon Chung, M.D., Ph.D., and Associate Professor at Asan Medical Center in South Korea, “Children with obstructive sleep apnea are fidgeting and not able to stay on task, because they’re doing anything they can to stay awake.”

This problem is harder to determine in children with a high IQ, because hyperactivity is less apparent. Dr. Chung suggests that, “Even when those behavioral problems are minimal, improvement is still possible.”

Parents may also want to monitor whether or not their children are snoring loudly, or if their breathing is sporadic throughout the night. Children with a high IQ will still benefit from having their OSA treated; improving both their behavior during the day and their brain activity.